On a good day you can spot an elephant at castle forest lodge in the county of Kirinyaga The herd is led by the oldest and often largest female in the herd, called a matriarch. Herds consist of 8-100 individuals depending on terrain and family size. When a calf is born, it is raised and protected by the whole matriarchal herd.

Males leave the family unit between the ages of 12-15 and may lead solitary lives or live temporarily with other males. Elephants mate during the rainy season and their gestation period is 22months Elephants are among the big five, an elephants’ diet include; Grass, leaves, bamboo, bark, and roots. Elephants are also known to eat crops like bananas and sugarcane which are grown by farmers. Adult elephants eat 300-400 lbs of food per day. Elephants form deep family bonds and live in tight matriarchal family groups of related females called a herd. “Elephants can communicate over long distances by producing a sub-sonic rumble that can travel the ground faster than sound through air.”